Stages of Tennis10s

There are three stages of Tennis10s that allow players to start at the suitable level for their ability - Red (Stage 3), Orange (Stage 2) and Green (Stage 1). As the player develops and they develop their technical and tactical competences, they will progress from stage to stage. The following table details the three stages of Tennis10s:

Stage /
Age
BallBall size /
Racket / Court Dimensions
Scoring OptionsStage
Description

Stage 3

RED

5-8
years


75%
slower
than a Yellow ball* (Foam or Felt)
Foam ball
8.00-9.00 cm

Standard ball
7.00-8.00 cm

Racket
17-23” (43-58cm)**

Court
36-42ft (10.97-12.8m) x 14-20ft (4.27-6.1m)

Net Height
(at the centre): 31.5-33” (0.8-0.838m)
1x Tiebreak to 7 or 10

Best of 3
Tiebreaks to 7

1x Short Set to 4

Timed matches
  • Slower balls, smaller courts and shorter rackets.
  • Players are able to play the game from their first lesson.
  • Players start to play in tennis festival events that use fun, team-based multi match events.
  • Development of good technique and use of realistic tactics.

Stage 2

ORANGE

8-10
years


50%
slower
than a Yellow ball*
Standard ball
6.00-6.86 cm

Racket
23-25” (58-63cm)**

Court
58-60ft (17.68-18.29m) x 20-27ft (6.1-8.23m)

Net Height
(at the centre): 31.5-36” (0.8-0.914m)
Best of 3
Tiebreaks to 7

1x Short Set to 4

  • Players move to a larger court, relevant to their size.
  • Ball is slightly faster than at Red, but continues to provide an optimal striking zone.
  • Players have the ability to implement advanced tactics.
  • Matches are longer than at Red, and children play both ‘team’ and ‘individual’ multi match events.

Stage 1

GREEN

9-10
years


25%
slower
than a Yellow ball*
Standard ball
6.30-6.86 cm

Racket
25-26” (63-66cm)**

Full Size Court
78ft (23.77) x 27ft (8.23m)

Standard Net Height
(at the centre): 36” (0.914m)
1x Short set to 4

Best of 3 Short
Sets to 4

(3rd Set as match Tiebreak to 10)
  • The ball is faster than at Orange.
  • Ball still slower and lower bouncing than the yellow ball.
  • Experienced players are able to continue to develop good technique and to implement advanced tactics.
  • Matches are slightly longer than at Orange, with both ‘team’ and individual’ multi match competition played.

*(Estimated ball speed) **(Dependent on the size of the player)

The details set out in the three stages are recommendations from the ITF for the development of a 10-and-under player. All players develop at different rates, some progressing quicker than others.

It is important that players only progress to the next stage when they are able to control the ball and implement tactics effectively at their current Tennis10s stage. If the player moves up too soon then they may develop poor technique and lose confidence and interest. The table below shows the description of the Yellow ball stage once the player has green from Stage 1 Tennis10s and is now playing with the regular Yellow ball.

Stage /
Age
BallBall size /
Racket, Court Dimensions
Scoring OptionsStage
Description

Tennis

10 years and older


Yellow
ball
Standard ball
6.54-6.86 cm

Racket
26-29” (66-73.7cm)**

Full Size Court
78ft (23.77) x 27ft (8.23m)

Standard Net Height:
(at the centre): 36" (0.914m)
Any scoring system within the Rules of Tennis
  • Players reach Yellow having progressed through the Red, Orange and Green stages.
  • Players will usually be ready to train and compete with the Yellow ball on the full court.

Parents should understand that learning to play the game of tennis / compete is a gradual process and as children progress through the three stages of Tennis10s, parents should encourage their child to become more independent. Parents should also try to focus on how their child is developing, on their performance and most importantly on their enjoyment, rather than on their results in matches.

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